In light of these wars, the growing size and might of the French army and other rising political tensions in Europe, many countries stopped being allies with France during this time. Anne wanted to give her son an absolute authority and a victorious kingdom. However, Louis first had to neutralize Nicolas Fouquetthe Superintendent of Financesin order to give Colbert a free hand.
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes To his traditional enemies Louis now added the entire Protestant world. The Fronde was not the last gasp of a feudal noble class but a struggle for political and military precedence within the upper noble elites who, in the context of a breakdown in state finances during a royal minority, had no other choice but to assert their own status claims—backed up, if necessary, by military force.
Inthe devoutly Catholic King Louis XIV attempted to establish religious uniformity throughout France by revoking the right of the protestants, called Huguenots, to worship. The last three decades of Louis's reign were marked by almost constant warfare.
Gone were the days when generals protracted war at the frontiers while bickering over precedence and ignoring orders from the capital and the larger politico-diplomatic picture. Consequently, the state always received far less than what the taxpayers actually paid.
Louis himself held reservations against depending on foreign assistance. Although Fouquet's financial indiscretions were not very different from Mazarin's before him or Colbert's after him, his ambition was worrying to Louis. The repulse of a Turkish invasion of his Austrian domains left the emperor free to oppose France in the west.
In the meantime the king would sign the numerous letters prepared by his secretary, then go to the apartments of Mme de Maintenonwhere he studied important paperwork with one of his four Secretaries of State.
In effect, he headed a secret council of advisers to Louis XVI, which tried to preserve the monarchy; these schemes proved unsuccessful, and were exposed later when the armoire de fer was discovered. The system was outrageously unjust in throwing a heavy tax burden on the poor and helpless.
He wanted France to be powerful, prosperous, and magnificent but was not overly concerned with the well-being of the French people.
Its terms ensured Dutch independence from Spainawarded some autonomy to the various German princes of the Holy Roman Empireand granted Sweden seats on the Imperial Diet and territories to control the mouths of the OderElbeand Weser rivers.
If he went on a walk, it would be in the gardens on foot or in a Barouche with the ladies. The executioner, Charles Henri Sansontestified that the former king had bravely met his fate. The taille was reduced to 42 million in and 35 million in ; finally the revenue from indirect taxation progressed from 26 million to 55 million.
The revenues of the royal domain were raised from 80, livres in to 5. The outcome of the war would transfer European hegemony from the Habsburgs to the Bourbons.
Louis had appointed Breteuil to act as plenipotentiary, dealing with other foreign heads of state in an attempt to bring about a counter-revolution. Far more likely to entrench political quiescence in the long run was a remodeling of the system of patronage and clientage and a concerted effort to break the automatic link between service and expectation of reward.
The ensuing war, fought on both hemispheres, lasted from to ; France emerged with most of its territory intact but its resources severely strained.
He never forgave the Dutch and swore to destroy their Protestant mercantile republic.
Anne and Mazarin had largely pursued the policies of Cardinal Richelieuaugmenting the Crown's power at the expense of the nobility and the Parlements. In the first part of the "personal rule," between andLouis pursued a foreign policy of single-minded vainglory in a determined effort to facilitate further dismemberment of the Spanish Habsburg empire and, afterreduce the United Provinces of the Netherlands to humble submission.
These trials shaped the future character, behaviour, and mode of thought of the young king. Early acts[ edit ] As the Thirty Years' War came to an end, a civil war known as the Fronde after the slings used to smash windows erupted in France. He remained devoted to her; even at age 70 she was being exhorted by her confessor to continue to fulfill her conjugal duties, according to letters still extant.
Even if he still relied on other people's recommendations, by Louis insisted that virtually all military, naval, and ecclesiastical commissions come from his own person.
It was not only that life became insecure and unpleasant — a fate meted out to many children in all ages — but that Louis had to be taken into the confidence of his mother and Mazarin and political and military matters of which he could have no deep understanding".
The famous memorialist the Duke of Saint-Simon wrote of Louis XIV: “With an almanach and a watch, one could, from leagues away, say with accuracy what he was doing”.
The king’s day was timed to the minute to allow the officers in his service to plan their own work accordingly.
From morning to evening his day ran like clockwork, to a schedule that was just as strictly ordered as life. Dec 02, · Watch video · Louis XIV Assumes Control of France. After Mazarin’s death inLouis XIV broke with tradition and astonished his court by declaring that he would rule.
May 03, · With resources already strained, many wars under Louis XIV’s ruling greatly effected the French economy. The Nine Years’ War was the first of these wars, with the main portion of fighting taking place within France’s douglasishere.com: Sept.
1, (at age 76), Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France. Louis was a de fender of Gallicanism, the belief that the monarchy pos sessed certain rights over the Catholic church in France, irrespective of papal powers.
In the s, Louis claimed the regale or the right of the French king to appoint the lower clergy and collect the. The age of Louis XIV was the classical age of French literature, in which the playwrights Jean Racine and Molière achieved prominence Under Louis XIV: Louis XIV. Louis was born on 5 September at St Germain-en-Laye.
He became king at the age of four on the death of his father, Louis XIII. While Louis was a child, his mother, Anne of Austria, served as.Ruling of louis xiv